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Epinotia nanana
Small Spruce Bell (Treitschke, 1835)
Tortricidae: Olethreutinae
1145 / 49.242
Photo © Karen Hand Sarah Hand,  15/06/2018 - East Harling

Similar Norfolk Species
Fir Bell
Epinotia nigricana
Wingspan: 9-11mm
Flight: June - August
Foodplant:   Norway Spruce, Sitka Spruce
Nat Status: Nationally Scarce B
Verification Grade:  Adult: 4
Norfolk Status
A very small Tortrix, smallest of the British Epinotia.

A scarce and locally-found species throughout much of Britain, frequenting coniferous woodland, plantations, parks and gardens where its foodplants can be found.

Adult moths are sometimes abundant in spruce plantations, flying in afternoon sunshine and at dusk, later coming to light. The larvae feed from late summer to April and May, spinning a silken tube between the needles.

First modern-day records in a garden at Repps-with-Bastwick in 2013 (S. Wright, 20/07/13) and East Harling in 2018. (K&S Hand, 15/06/2018)

Old records from Norwich and Merton in 1874 (C. Barrett)

[BTS v2, p119]

Determination by Genitalia Examination (gen. det.) Required

Recorded in 4 (5%) of 74 10k Squares.
First Recorded in 1874.
Last Recorded in 2019.

Latest 5 Records
Date#VC10k Area
23/07/2019127TG41 - Acle/Hemsby
21/06/2019128TM08 - Banham/Lopham
15/06/2018128TM08 - Banham/Lopham
29/06/2017127TG41 - Acle/Hemsby
18/07/2014127TG41 - Acle/Hemsby
Further info: Epinotia nanana
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