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Scarce Arches
Fabula zollikoferi (Freyer, 1836)
Noctuidae: Xyleninae
2356 / 73.133
Photo © Jon Clifton,  Thouless Collection - Norwich Castle Museum. (displayed with the kind permission of Tony Irwin, Norwich Castle Museum)

Similar Norfolk Species
Bulrush Wainscot
Nonagria typhae
Large Wainscot
Rhizedra lutosa
Forewing: 18-25mm.
Flight: One generation Aug-Oct.
Foodplant:   Meadow-rues and Great Fen-sedge.
GB Status: Immigrant
Verification Grade:  Adult: 4
Norfolk Status
Rare Immigrant.
One from Norfolk, the fourth British record, taken at electric light in Norwich, 1905.

The specimen was recently rediscovered (Nov. 2011) at the Castle Museum Norwich, badly eaten by Museum Beetle Anthrenus museorum, and skilfully reconstructed by Tony Irwin for the photograph opposite.

The capture of the specimen is fully documented in the Ent. Rec. Vol22, 1910.

"... Recently Mr A. Plunkett, of Norwich, asked me to name a Noctuid that he could not place, and sent the specimen through Mr H.J. Turner for this purpose. As soon as I saw it I recognised it as another example of X. zollikoferi. The specimen was captured on Sept. 4th, 1905, at Carrow, near Norwich, considerably worn..." J.W. Tutt.

"I took the moth at light, it was sitting quietly under a large electric lamp fixed on the corner of a building, at rest on the brickwork about 12 feet from the ground... When the specimen was pushed off the wall it was skittish, and flew several yards before alighting to the ground, a habit very different from that of N. arundinis [Bulrush Wainscot] which, being disturbed under similar conditions, drops down like a stone. This really was the first reason I had for suspecting the insect was not N. arundinis." A. Plunkett, 1910.

Verification Grade Comment: No modern-day Norfolk records.

Determination by Genitalia Examination (gen. det.) Required

Recorded in 1 (1%) of 74 10k Squares.
First Recorded in 1905.
Last Recorded in 1905.

Latest 5 Records
Date#VC10k Area
04/09/1905127TG20 - Norwich
Further info: Fabula zollikoferi
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